XML versus HTML

XML (Extensible Markup Language) is an international standard used to describe structure and appearance of a document. XML as a text based markup language is a technology used to describe...

Local Area Network vs Wide Area Network

It is a data network that covers high speed, small areas (a building, a company, a department, a room). PCs, notebooks, servers, printers, plotters, CD_ROM drivers, and other peripheral devices can be located in...

Massive Ransomware Infection Hits Computers Worldwide

According to the Avast report on 12 May, a ransomware attack hits as many as 99 countries in the world. Taiwan, Chinese universities, Spain, Telefonica, Ukraine, Turkey, Russian Interior Ministry, and British National Health System ...

Typosquatting and Ways to Protect Yourself

Typosquatting is a type of stealing people's personal information and accounts by using fake websites which are created by intentionally mistyping the name of the real website. To illustrate, a fake website...

What is Data Mining?

Data-mining has become a buzzword that includes the whole process of data treatment (data collection, preparation, data analysis, and application), and pattern modelling techniques mostly with the goal of making predictions...

Defining Data, Information, Knowledge and Information systems

The concepts of ‘data’, ‘information’ and ‘knowledge’ and hierarchy among them are fundamental in understanding IT environment and IT management. Achieving superior levels in the chain of these terms is closely linked with higher level of understanding and connectedness.

What is IT Audit?

The audit approach towards IT (information technology) environment has evolved through different phases since 1960s; i.e. “audit around computers”, “audit with computers” and “audit through computers” due to the changes in audit universe in parallel with....