What is Restless Legs Syndrome?
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a neurological disorder known also as Eillis-Ekbom disease and leads to unusual senses in legs. RLS causes discomfort in legs but roots of the issue are not related to legs but brain. Signals from the patient’s brain are transmitted to legs uncontrollably and as a result, patient does not have a natural control over the legs which are moved awkwardly.
It is a neurological affecting one person out of 10 and observed more often in people over 65 years old. In RLS, both legs are affected in general. In some cases, the symptoms are not severe to cause many trouble for daily routines, while in some other cases symptoms develop in such a way that people who suffer RLS can not perform daily activities. Iron deficiency genetic issues are the most common cause of the syndrome.
Symptoms of Restless Legs Syndrome
Symptoms are mostly like numbness, throbbing, tingling, chills, burning and pain some of which could become more severe during nights. These symptoms delay doping off and serious sleep problems are also seen in patients with RLS.
The symptoms are more noticeable during rest or relaxation when patient stays motionless. When the patients are standing or walking, symptoms will tend to disappear. Feeling of discomfort in the legs could manifest itself in any area between ankles and hips.
Reasons for Restless Legs Syndrome
Iron deficiency: Studies on RLS have shown that iron deficiency is a serious cause of this disease. Stomach or intestinal bleeding, severe periods of menstruation, blood donation may cause lack of iron in the body.
Renal insufficiency: Anemia, usually caused by iron deficiency, can lead to kidney failure. This may make RLS worsen.
Pregnancy: RLS can occur due to hormones that change during pregnancy. It can be seen in the last months of pregnancy in one of every five pregnancies. Yet, the cause of S in pregnancy has not yet been fully identified.
Genetic reasons: RLS is more common at early ages, if heredity.
Chronic diseases: Some diseases such as diabetes, chronic renal failure, thyroid problems, rheumatoid arthritis can trigger RLS.
Dopamine hormone: Imbalance in the level of dopamine, a secreted hormone for muscle control in the brain, can trigger RLS.
Restless Legs Syndrome Treatment
causes for RLS in each patient should be investigated prior to treatment since complaints related to RLS can disappear when the underlying cause is treated. The disease can be overcome by drug treatment and changes in lifestyle.
Patients should be avoided from stimulants such as caffeine, cigarettes and alcohol especially during nights. Furthermore, daily regular exercise an massaging contributes to treatment of RLS. Last but not least, regular sleep schedule must be implemented in order for reducing the impacts of RLS.
See an example of restless legs syndrome at youtube: