What is Kirigami?
Kirigami is a Japanese art of paper cutting. It consists of the words “kiru” (cut) and “kami” (paper). In the art of kirigami, modelling and symmetry are the most important concepts. Snowballs, pentagrams, flowers, buildings, or animal figures are the most common art products of kirigami. Some people want to make kirigami more symmetrical by marking the paper before cutting; however, in the past, kirigami masters practised the art only by using scissors or knives.
Although not as popular as Origami, kirigami is nowadays widely practised all over the world for different purposes. Handmade greeting cards, framed art works, home decoration items etc. could be created. In addition to the artistic aspect, kirigami is used as a teaching tool in schools to improve hand and eye coordination, to increase three-dimensional thinking, to foster planning abilities, and to support imagination.
Difference Between Origami and Kirigami
Kirigami and origami are often mixed. Although both benefit from similar folding and modelling techniques, there is no place for cutting paper in origami. In addition, techniques such as gluing are applied in kirigami contrary to origami.
History of Kirigami
It is believed that the art of kirigami was first practised by Buddhists who came to Japan and was used as a way of honouring God in Japanese temples. In 17th century, kirigami was accepted as a true form of art in the cultures of other Asian countries as well. In Japan and China, kirigami is symbolised with prosperity, perfection, and harmony with universe.
In the United States, kirigami became popular during 1960s. Florence Temko’s book “The Creative Art of Paper Cutting”, published in 1962, made this Asian art recognized in the United States.
How to Make Kirigami?
Making Snowflake with Kirigami:
Making Spiderweb with Kirigami: