What is Origami?

Origami is the art of paper folding. It is a visual Japanese art in which paper is folded to form various forms without cutting or gluing. It is composed of the words “Ori” meaning “to fold” and “kami” meaning “paper”. Origamist is the name given to the person making the origami. The goal is to convert a flat sheet of paper into a pre-designed model.

What is Orizuru?

The best-known and most classic origami “paper crane”. “Ori”, “folded” and “tsuru” mean “crane”. In Japan, cranes are respected and are the symbol of long life, welfare and peace.
At the age of 12, Sadako Sasaki got leukaemia as a result of the atomic bombs hitting Japan in World War II. She started to fold paper cranes with a belief that her wish for living longer would come true if she completes 1000 orizurus, which in Japanese is called as “senbazuru”. She passed away when she made 644 orizurus. Her classmates finished the rest and Sadako was buried with 1000 orizurus. Sadako and Orizuru were  then become symbols of peace and today there is a statue of Sadako and Orizuruyu in the Hiroshima Peace Park.

History of Origami

Origins of origami dates back to Chinese inventing paper. However, there is debate about who discovered the art of origami. Some historians believe that paper folding art first emerged in China where paper was thought to be invented in the 3rd century B. C. There were some earliest examples of paper folding art in traditional ceremonies in China. Some other art historians claim that first examples of origami were found in Japan in the 11th century. However, according to official records, first documented evidence of Japanese origami art was found in the 17th century.

Today, origami is widely used all over the world in order to develop children’s hand and eye coordination, creativity, and three-dimensional thinking  in primary schools.

Types of Origami

Classic Origami
Classic origami is the most common type of origami known and popular among people. It is made by simply folding a single piece of paper.
Modular Origami
Modular origami is formed by combining several parts to form a complete model.
Wet Origami
Wet origami is a technique used to create models with extremely soft curves (eg animal models) instead of geometric shapes. In order to shape paper easily, it is first moistened and left to dry after the origami is completed. Akira Yoshizawa is one of the most prominent artists in the field of wet origami.
Pureland Origami
Developed by the British origamist John Smith in 1970s, this origami style is carried out by using only “mountain and valley techniques” to fold the paper.

How to Make Origami?

For interesting origami models, you can watch the following videos:

  1. How to make an origami rabbit:

2.How to make an origami flower:

3.How to make an origami dress:

4.How to make an origami jumping frog:

Sources:

https://uicgsc.files.wordpress.com/2013/04/about-orizuru-for-peace.pdf
https://www.thespruce.com/brief-history-of-origami-2540653
http://www.visual-arts-cork.com/east-asian-art/origami.htm

 

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