6.Intervention to Ball over the Basket
According to both the NBA and FIBA basketball rules, opponent team does not have the right to intercept the ball when it starts to come down after the shot. But rules alter when the ball touches the basket. In European basketball, players has every right to prevent the basket and change the direction of the ball or to get the ball through the hoop. However, in the NBA it is considered that there be an imaginary cylinder over the hoop and no player can touch the ball when it is still in that area.
7. Zone Defense
Zone defense in the NBA had been not allowed for years and it was possible to execute only man-to-man defense. However, rules changed over time in favor of zone defense in the NBA albeit with a little difference. If a defender stays more than 3 seconds in restricted area without actively marking an opponent player, it may lead to three seconds violation. In such cases, one free throw will be awarded to the opponent team due to the violation.
8. Jump Ball
The game starts with a jump ball according to both basketball rules. However, results of winning or losing first jump ball differ very much.
According to the FIBA rules, the team that lost the first jump ball automatically get the ball in the event of next jump ball. Therefore, there is no real jump ball throughout the game after the first one because the ball will be used by each team one-by-one in cases of jump balls.
The situation is quite different in the NBA. In the context of NBA rules, the team winning the first jump ball also has the right to start the game in the 3 rd quarter. The losing team, on the other hand, starts the game in the 2 nd and 4 th quarters.
However, in other cases of jump balls through the game, jump ball is played and the winning team continues to play. Therefore, the first jump ball has no effect on the jump ball situations in the rest of the game. This is a positive aspect of the NBA due to the fact that it fosters competition better.
In European basketball, teams have the right to call a total of 5 regular time-outs (60 seconds), 2 in the first half and 3 in the second half. Teams are also granted one normal time-out in each overtime which can not be transferred to other overtimes. The rules of FIBA do not include 20-second time-out.
According to NBA rules, teams have 6 normal time-outs (100/60 seconds) and 2 normal time-outs in each overtime. In addition, teams have a total of 2 short time-outs (20 seconds), one for each half.
In the NBA, coaches or a player with the ball can call time-outs. In FIBA rules, however, only coaches can call time-outs.
In FIBA leagues and Olympics, it can be said that referees applies rules very strictly. In NBA, referee interpretation is a bit more influential. It is seen that referees are quite tolerant of violation of travelling the ball especially when a player goes to the basket.
Also, it would not be wrong to say that super stars in the NBA are particularly favoured by referees.