What is XML?

XML (Extensible Markup Language) is an international standard used to describe structure and appearance of a document. XML as a text based markup language is a technology used to describe the structure of information and to define the format of any data. It is a standard format that identifies information and is used for information exchange on the web. All in all, it is both a language and a technology used to exchange data on the web.

What is HTML?

HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language) is the most basic language for web programming. HTML being a scripting language needs a web browser to run its codes.  Furthermore, by using HTML text, images and videos files can be shared on the web. HTML is standardized by World Wide Web Consortium (WC3) and a very easy language to learn and code.

Difference Between HTML and XML?

  • XML is the abbreviation of Extensible Markup Language but HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language.
  • XML is designed to exchange data between different systems and the main idea is to transfer data on the web.
  • HTML is focused on displaying data but XML on describing data.
  • HTML is a markup language and used for viewing, while XML is for storing and transferring data.
  • Both are coded with TAGs. None the less, in HTML there are predefined tags  such as body, head, blik etc and users are obliged to make use of them for coding. Whereas, in XML users need to create their own tags.
  • HTML helps you publish on the web and share with other users.
  • HTML shows static web pages while XML can store dynamic data.
    HTML is the foundation of the web, and you can not publish a website without using HTML.
  • Both are easy to learn.
  • HTML is not case sensitive but XML is.

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