What is Acupuncture?
Acupuncture is an old method of treatment carried out by immersing the needles in micro-cleaning. “Acus” and “puncture” refers to needle and immersion respectively and it literally means “treatment with needle immersion”. It is a therapeutic art from the Far East. Researches in recent years have shown that acupuncture treatment has certain validity in terms of scientific basis that it is successful in treating some diseases, from hormonal to immunological ones.
History of Acupuncture
Roots of acupuncture treatment extend to 2500 years ago. According to the ancient Chinese philosophy, the “world” is made up of two opposite “things”. Balance of the world can only be ensured by mutual and continuous movement of the two, which are called “Yin” and “Yang”. To illustrate; scarce-abundant, rotten-solid, cold-hot, empty-full, positive-negative, etc. represent Ying and Yang. In a stable and determined system, Yin-Yang is balanced.
Yin and Yang balance exist in human body as well and helps people stay healthy. Illnesses and/or pains occur with the deterioration of Yin and Yang balance and the basic principle of acupuncture treatment is to maintain this balance.
In the human body, there are acupuncture points. These points are joined by twelve pairs of lines that wrap around the whole body from the tip of the hand and foot to the head and there exist 365 acupuncture points on these meridians.
Scientific Foundations of Acupuncture
1) Yin-Yang theory: This theory could be observed in all functions of body. Acid-base balance or sympathetic-parasympathetic are examples to support the theory.
2) Reflected pain: The reflection of the pain of internal organs such as pain of the heart reflecting to the arm and back is a scientific truth. It is argued that it might be possible to heal the internal organs by imposing pain to acupuncture points.
3) Histologic demonstration of the presence of acupuncture points is claimed to be a scientific proof.
Electro-acupuncture has been performed on the basis of the basic principles of acupuncture treatment. Electro-acupuncture devices can be applied everywhere and everywhere without needles, without the need of doctor’s supervision. It does not give harm to patients and is as successful as needle acupuncture.
Electro-acupuncture could be used to treat a great deal of health problems such as asthma, bronchitis, cough, gynaecological diseases, headache, migraine, sinusitis, stiff neck, arthritis, nerve pain, leg pain, bowel and kidney diseases, haemorrhoids, teeth pain, elbow joint pain diarrhoea, urinary incontinence, nerve pain in the ribs, liver disease, cramps, osteoarthritis, arthritis, back pain, stomach sagging, rheumatism, diabetes, hypertension, insomnia, prevention of sweating, facial palsy, depression, palpitation and leg swelling.
Impacts of Acupuncture on Human Body
- It stimulates nervous system and muscular system connected to it by electronic shocks and strengthens nerves and muscles.
- It regulates the energy balance in the cells of organs and ensures the normal functioning of them.
- Vibrating effect relaxes stiff muscles and nerves and vessels trapped.
- When the motor is applied to the nervous system, it accelerates the movement of the vessels that have contracted in the muscles to enlarge.
- It regulates blood circulation.