An Artificial Language?
Esperanto is an artificial language which is developed by a Polish dentist and philologist , Ludwick Lejzer Zamenhof in 1887. The original name of Esperanto is Lingvo Internacia.
Objective of Esperanto
Managed to spread among peoples of different countries, Esperanto is not aimed at replacing other languages but the main purpose is to be a second language beside the native one in order to ease the communication among peoples with different mother tongues. Lejzer Zamenhof lived in an environment where people spoke Russian, Polish and Hebrew and according to his observations inability to communicate brought about other social and political issues.
Rules of Esperanto
The language is based of 16 grammar principles which has no exceptions so as to make is easier to learn. In fact, one could learn Esperanto in 1/4 of the time devoted to learn any other language. Lejzer Zamenhof explained the principles of Esperanto in his book “Fundamento de Esperanto” (Fundamentals of Esperanto) published in 1905.
Esperanto has an alphabet of 28 letters namely A B C Ĉ D E F G Ĝ H Ĥ I J Ĵ K L M N O P R S Ŝ T U Ŭ V Z.
Numbers are 0 Nulo; 1 Unu; 2 Du; 3 Tri; 4 Kvar; 5 Kvin; 6 Ses; 7 Sep; 8 Ok; 9 Naŭ; 10 Dek.
Pronunciation of the letters are mostly closer to English and pronunciation of words are mostly closer to how they written. Besides, Lejzer Zamenhof made use of many common words of languages like TV, phone etc in order to make it more appealing for people.
Popularity of Esperanto
Esperanto is now spoken among 2 million people and there are millions of websites, thousands of books and hundreds of periodicals exist.
There is no country who has ever accepted Esperanto as an official language yet the United Nations provided and office and professional staff to Esperanto in order to help this unique language keep alive and disseminate.
There is only a community of Esperanto speaking couples around 1000 who only spoke Esperanto and called as Esparantisto.