Friedrich Ludwig Gottlob Frege, lived in 19th century, is an eminent scholar of the paradigms of mathematics, logic and philosophy. Born in 1948 in Germany, he studied between the borders of philosophy and mathematics and became the founding father of analytic philosophy and modern logic. Gottlob Frege, spent his academic life mostly in Jane University in Germany, died in 1929 in Bad Kleinen at the age of 76. His legacy in science is so profound that he was arguably considered as the greatest logician after Aristotales.
Losing his wife in 1905 and his failure to find an adequate solution to Russell’s Paradox , Gottlob Frege lost his intellectual popularity in the first decade of 19 century. None the less, he continued to teach and influence the next generation of logicians and philosophers such as Bertrand Russell and Ludwig Wittgenstein. However, last years of his life, he turned out to be paranoid, and wrote a succession of rabid treatises attacking parliamentary democracy, labour unions and foreigners.
Contributions to Science
His main contributions to science is invention of Predicate Logic which came with his study Begriffsschrift (1979) marked a turning point in the history of logic. It highlighted the end of the era of constant logic thanks to his invention of quantified variables. As the founder of analytic philosophy, he contributed to the discussions of many subjects such as argument analysis of the proposition, distinction between concept and object, principle of compositionality, distinction between sense and reference and context principle.
His main studies
- Concept-Script: A Formal Language for Pure Thought Modelled on that of Arithmetic – 1979
- The Foundations of Arithmetic: A Logical-Mathematical Investigation of the Concept of Number – 1984
- Basic Laws of Arithmetic, Volume I and II (1983 and 1904 respectively)
- Function and Concept – 1891
- On Sense and Reference – 1892
- What is a Function? – 1904
- Concept and Object – 1892
- On the Foundations of Geometry – 1903